Archive for free market
Today, being the Tuesday after the first Monday in November, is election day. Aside from the fact that I donâ€™t vote, and therefore couldnâ€™t even vote for myself, there are a number of reasons why I could never be elected to officeâ€”any office: federal, state, or local.
Not in any particular order, here are twenty-five of them.
1. The war on drugs is a monstrous evil that has destroyed more lives than drugs themselves. It should be ended immediately. All drugs should immediately be legalized, not just marijuana. Everyone in prison solely on drug charges should be released immediately.
2. U.S. foreign policy is reckless, belligerent, and meddling, and has been for over 100 years. The United States should strictly adhere to the foreign policy of Thomas Jefferson: â€śPeace, commerce, honest friendship with all nations â€“ entangling alliances with none.â€ť
3. Since the Constitution does not authorize the federal government to have anything to do with education, there should be no federal student loans, Pell grants, Department of Education, Elementary and Secondary Education Act, school breakfast or lunch programs, Head Start funding, math and science initiatives, etc. On the state level, there should be no public schools. Education should be a market service just like car repair and haircuts. However, since every state has a provision in its constitution for the operation of K-12 schools, they should have as much local control as possible.
This article was jointly written by Doug Stuart and Jessica Hooker.
In Stoker’s original article, she outlined three objections to the compatibility of Christianity and libertarianism, with subsequent expansions in later posts. Our previous posts addressed her first two points, and this article addresses her third point. Read our first post here, and our second post here. A substantial amount of time has passed since the aforementioned posts were originally written, so we encourage you to review them for additional context.
The first biblical story about humans is about humanÂ action and consequences. Whether one takes the story of Adam and Eve as historical-factual or non-literal, the narrative in Scripture functions as more than a mere explanation of why sin exists or where humans come from. This origin story frames the questions about divine-human relationship: â€śHow shall we relate to God?â€ť and â€śWhat are Godâ€™s expectations?â€ť (among others). Far from playing the part ofÂ Divine Puppeteer, Â God bestowed Adam and Eve with the dignityÂ ofÂ choice. Â God had spent six days creating the good world in which God placed Godâ€™s crowning creationâ€”mankindâ€”and from our perspective God would have been justified in thwarting any attempt to mar that world. Â If God wasÂ willing to give them such a level of freedom that couldâ€”and ultimately didâ€”result in cursing a perfect world, how much more freedom are we then given in the small things? We may even wonder why God placed a tree in the garden whose fruit could bring such sadness and destruction into the world.
3) Libertarians value freedom so heavily because we believe in non-aggression; that is, that peaceful action is the only permissible way to treat others. The common good can never be reached through violence or coercion.Â
In the freedom to choose right or wrong, good or evil, humanity has a considerable amount of freedom in both big and small. Stoker is right in that the explicit freedom spoken of in Scripture is about freedom from sin and freedom to righteousness. But this far fromÂ negates libertarian free will! Throughout the Scriptures we see God imploring humanity to choose the way of life. Israel was beckoned at the beginning of Joshua, â€śChoose this day whom you will serve.â€ť They were free to reject Godâ€™s covenant, free to reject Godâ€™s justice, and free to reject Godâ€™s blessings for doing it â€śGodâ€™s way.â€ť It is here that we find an inherent integration of our Christianity and our libertarianism. God did not create us puppets on a string, controlling our every move, making us do right. Nor did Jesus implore us to preach the gospel, andâ€”if people reject itâ€”declare ourselves, by proxy through the state, masters of their morality. We are never called to make Jesus Lord of other people’s lives. One of the aspects of Jesusâ€™ Parable of the Sower is that absent the story is the forceful â€śplowing underâ€ť of the seeds, a common and expected practice in his culture. Jesus was saying (in part) Godâ€™s Kingdom comes peacefully, not forcefully. We can notÂ force it to happen!
This is where we believe Stoker ultimately misses the mark. Â Throughout her series on Christianity and libertarianism, her arguments have hinged upon using force to coerce people to behave a certain wayâ€”her way. Â She has stated thatÂ â€śJustice in the world actually occurs when people engage with others in a just way,â€ť yet has failed to illustrate how it is just to forcibily take from those who have to give to those who have not. Â Coerced charity is not charity at all. Â Doing the right thing for the wrong reason is no better than doing the wrong thing for the right reasonâ€”itâ€™s just the words that are reversed.
The prophet Micah tells the people of Israel, â€śHe has shown you, O mortal, what is good. Â And what does the Lord require of you? Â To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your Godâ€ť (Micah 6:8, NIV). Â Challenging words, indeed. Â But here again we see the same thread weâ€™ve been following through our previous two posts: the freedom to fail, to mess up, to choose wrongly or irresponsibly.
It is nearly impossible to read the narrative of the New Testament without considering the backdrop of the Exodus narrative in the Old Testament. Being released from bondage in Egypt was more than just slavery per se, it wasâ€”and still isâ€”imagery that characterized the whole of human existence: bondage to powers that enslave us. Most Christians consider sin that which enslaves all of us. In this sense, the meaning of the Exodus narrative is fully captured in the climactic event of the entire Christian story: resurrection of Jesus.Â God has freed humanity from the bondage of sin through a new exodus, a new creation. We are thus freed from sin and the effects of sin. The Truthâ€”Jesusâ€”will set us free. We are set free for freedom. Stoker would rightly point out that the biblical writers were probably not thinking of what we call â€śEnlightenment freedom,â€ť but there is no escaping that the gospel according to Jesus is freedom from all that enslaves, not simply our sinful nature or eternal destination. While this connect far from “proves” libertarianism, it certainly demonstrates compatibility with it.
Stoker concluded her first post with explaining why the state is the best means by which our collectively pooled resources are able to render help to those in need. Itâ€™s truly ironic, because where the Bible describes those who need rescue from oppression and slavery, it is from oppressive empires, which is exactly the type of institution which enslaves those whom God cares most about! God heard the cries of God’s people in Egypt, and responded by mocking, shaming, Â and ultimately demolishing the Egyptian gods as they knew it. Stoker herself even recognizes the inherent power-over nature of the State, giving further credence to the libertarian claim that power easily corrupts! She cannot have both the State monopolizing the distribution of resources while at the same time chastising the institution of private property as â€śparticipation in state power.â€ť
Guest post by C. Jay Engel of the Reformed Libertarian.
The anti-free market proclamations from the left (and even sometimes the right) come in all shapes and sizes. Among the more common of these proclamations is the one that I heard yesterday. As far as I can remember, this is what was said by the individual (to her friend) next to me. â€śCapitalism is problematic because it is an entire system based on greed. If we want a healthy society, we should not seek to adopt such a system. We need a system that is based on cooperation and love.â€ť That capitalism is a system built on greed is a claim that is often heard and the theme has been pushed at every level of society; from the politicians, the educators, the commentators, the media, and the average Joe.
It is immediately clear that there is a dichotomy here between cooperation and capitalism, a dichotomy that should immediately raise the red flags of the libertarian. After all, arenâ€™t we always saying that the economy is most ethical when it is completely voluntary? And does not voluntary interaction and exchange form the basis for capitalism? The problem sits in the misunderstanding of the very nature of (free market) capitalism. This capitalism is not the same as the fascist system we have today. The American system of corporatism, that has largely existed since the nineteenth century, should never be confused with the free market.
Defending the Free Market: The Moral Case for a Free Economy, by Robert Sirico (Regnery Publishing, 2012), 213 pages.
Critics of the free market assert that it fails the underprivileged, leads to income inequality, exploits the poor, and is at times downright cruel. They charge its defenders with being motivated by greed, selfishness, and materialism, and making a god out of efficiency. The solution to the alleged deficiencies of the free market and the character of its supporters is always without exception government intervention in the marketplace. But when that fails to remedy the perceived wrongs of the free market, then even more intervention is prescribed to make things right. And as Richmanâ€™s Law states, â€śNo matter how much the government controls the economic system, any problem will be blamed on whatever small zone of freedom that remains.â€ť
The Rev. Robert Sirico, in his book Defending the Free Market: The Moral Case for a Free Economy, argues that a free economy â€” where property rights, contracts, and the rule of law are respected; prices and interest rates are freely agreed to by willing parties; entrepreneurship is encouraged; profit is not disdained; and charity is voluntary â€” is the most efficient and moral way to meet societyâ€™s material needs. Read More→